Further Reading

Further reading (use Ctrl+F to search for a key word or author)

Diurnal and other cyclic variations in human fetal heart rate near term

1982 - (Diurnal Variations)

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1982 Mar 1;142(5):535-44

Visser GH, Goodman JD, Levine DH, Dawes GS.

Transient reduction in fetal activity and heart rate variation after maternal betamethasone administration.

1994 - (Drug Research)

Early Hum Dev. 1994 Jan; 36(1):49-60

Mulder EJ, Derks JB, Zonneveld MF, Bruinse HW, Visser GH.

Changes in antepartum heart rate patterns with progressive deterioration of the fetal condition.

1990 - (Fetal Health)

Int J Biomed Comput. 1990 May;25(4):239-46
Visser GH, Bekedam DJ, Ribbert LS

Maternal self-administered fetal heart rate monitoring and transmission from home in high-risk pregnancies

2004 - (Home Monitoring)

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2004 Jan;84(1):33-9

Kerner R, Yogev Y, Belkin A, Ben-Haroush A, Zeevi B, Hod M

Telemedicine for antenatal surveillance of high-risk pregnancies with ambulatory and home fetal heart rate monitoring-an update

2003 - (Home Monitoring)

J.Perinat.Med. 31 (2003) 195-200

Moshe Hod; Ram Kerner

Twenty-four-hour CTG monitoring: comparison of normal pregnancies of 25-30 weeks of gestation versus 36-42 weeks of gestation

2007 - (Long-term fetal heart rate monitoring)

Arch Gyneocol Obstetrics (2007) 275:451-460

Maritta Kuhnert, Lars Hellmeyer, Werner Stein, Stephan Schmidt

Association between Obesity during Pregnancy and Increased Use of Health Care

2008 - (Obesity)

N Eng J Med 2008; 358:1444-53

Susan Y Chu, Ph.D.,M.S.P.H, Donald J.Bachman, et al

The growing trends in maternal obesity

2006 - (Obesity)

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecology Oct 2006 Vol 113; No 10

Editor –in-chief of BJOG Philip Steer

Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Death (CEMACH)

2008 - (Obesity)


"Does fractality in heart rate variability indicate the development of fetal neural processes?" Physics Letters A 331 (2004) 225-230

2004 - (Care 2000 abstracts/papers)

Echeverría,J.C. Woolfson,M.S. Crowe,J.A. Hayes-Gill,B.R. Piéri,Jean F.Spencer,C.J. and James,D.K.  www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21889389

Use of intra-uterine pressure catheter (IUPC) versus external tocodynamometry (TOCO) during labour for reducing adverse outcomes. (Protocol)

2008 - (Uterine Activity)

Bakker JJH, Janssen PF, Mol BWJ, Papatsonis D, van Lith JMM, van der Post JAM. 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD006947. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006947.

Estimation of internal uterine pressure by joint amplitude and frequency analysis of electrohysterographic signals

2008 - (Electrohysterogram (EHG))

Chiara Rabotti1, Massimo Mischi1, Judith O E H van Laar2, Guid S Oei2 and Jan W M Bergmans1
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven,The Netherlands
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, M´axima Medical Center, Veldhoven,The Netherlands

Prediction of intrauterine pressure waveform from transabdominal electrohysterography

2006 - (Electrohysterogram (EHG))

1Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA, 2Computational
NeuroEngineering Lab, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA, 3Convergent
Engineering, Gainesville, FL, USA, 4Division of Biostatistics, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research,
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA, and 5Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Florida

College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA

Electronic Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring: Another Look

2008 - (Fetal Health)

Spong Obstet Gynecol.2008; 112: 506-507 

The 2008 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Workshop Report on Electronic Fetal Monitoring Update on Definitions, Interpretation, and Research Guidelines

2008 - (Fetal Health)

George A. Macones, MD, Gary D. V. Hankins, MD, Catherine Y. Spong, MD, John Hauth, MD,
and Thomas Moore, MD


2008 - (Beat to Beat HRV)

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS XXI European Congress of Perinatal Medicine
Istanbul, Turkey September 10–13, 2008
(Covered in Index Medicus and MEDLIN)


2008 - (Beat to Beat HRV)

J. van Laar1, C. Peters2, R. Vullings3, G. Oei4
1MMC, Gynaecology, Veldhoven, Netherlands; 2Amphia Hospital, Breda, Netherlands; 3Technical University, Eindhoven, Netherlands; 4MMC, Veldhoven, Netherlands

Monitoring Contractions in Obese Parturients: Electrohysterography Compared With Traditional Monitoring.

2007 - (Uterine Activity)

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 2007 May;109(5):1136-40
Tammy Y. Euliano, MD, Minh Tam Nguyen, MS, Dorothee Marossero, MS, and Rodney K. Edwards, MD, MS

Fetal ECG: a novel predictor of atrioventricular block in anti-Ro positive pregnancies

2007 - (Fetal Health)

Heart 2007; 93:1454-1460 
Gardiner.H, Belmar.C, Pasquini .L, Seale.A, Thomas.M, Dennes.W, Taylor.M, Kulinskaya.E, Wimalasundera.R

Overview of fetal arrhythmias

2008 - (Fetal Health)

Shardha Srinivasan and Janette Strasburger, MD
Current Opinion in Pediatrics 2008, 20:522-531

The Emergence of High-Tech Birthing

2008 - (Mobility)

Elaine Zwelling RN, PhD 

JOGNN (Journal of Obstetric, Gynecological, & Neonatal Nursing) 2008; Vol. 37, p85-93 
AWHONN, the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
DOI: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2007.00211.x

Promoting, Protecting, and Supporting Normal Birth: A Look at the Evidence

2008 - (Mobility)

Amy M. Romano and Judith A. Lothian

JOGNN (Journal of Obstetric, Gynecological, & Neonatal Nursing) 2008; Vol. 37, p94-105 Issue 1
AWHONN, the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses

JOGNN, 37 , 94-105; 2008. DOI: 10.1111/J.1552-6909.2007.00210.x
Accepted April 2007

Positions for Labour and Birth

2008 - (Mobility)

Midwifery Practice Guideline
The Royal College of Midwives Evidence based guidelines for midwifery–led care in labour 4th edition
Issue Date: May 2008

Prognostic value of chosen parameters of mechanical and bioelectrical uterine activity in prediction of threatening preterm labour [Article in Polish]

2009 - (Uterine Activity)

Zietek J, Sikora J, Horoba K, Matonia A, Jezewski J, Magnucki J, Kobielska L.
Katedra i Klinika Połoznictwa i Ginekologii SUM, Katowice. jerzyzietek@interia.pl

Ginekol Pol. 2009 Mar;80(3):193-200.

Maternal positions and mobility during first stage labour.

2009 - (Mobility)

Lawrence A, Lewis L, Hofmeyr GJ, Dowswell T, Styles C.
Institute of Women's and Children's Health (15), The Townsville Hospital, 100 Angus Smith Drive, Douglas, Queensland, Australia, 4810.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD003934

Maternal obesity, uterine activity, and the risk of spontaneous preterm birth.

2009 - (Obesity)

Ehrenberg HM, Iams JD, Goldenberg RL, Newman RB, Weiner SJ, Sibai BM,
Caritis SN, Miodovnik M, Dombrowski MP; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National
Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Maternal-Fetal
Medicine Units Network (MFMU).

Case Western Reserve University-MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Jan;113(1):48-52.

The quality of intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring

2004 - (FHR Performance)

P.C.A.M. Bakker, G.J. Colenbrander, A.A. Verstraeten, H.P. Van Geijn

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vrije Universiteit Medical

European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 116 (2004) 22–27Center, Mailbox 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Comparison of Doppler Ultrasound and Direct Electrocardiography Acquisition Techniques for Quantification of Fetal Heart Rate Variability

2006 - (Beat to Beat HRV)

Janusz Jezewski*, Member, IEEE, Janusz Wrobel, and Krzysztof Horoba



2008 - (Obesity)

I. V. Landres, A. A. Milki, R. B. Lathi. OB-GYN, Stanford Hospital
and Clinics, Stanford, CA; OB-GYN, Division of REI, Stanford University
Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA.

"Bridge to the Future of Reproductive Medicine"

2008 - (Obesity)

November 8-12, 2008 Moscone Convention Center San Francisco, California 
Supplement to The Official Journal of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fetal Heart Rate Variability in Obstetric Cholestasis

2009 - (Beat to Beat HRV)

Jayawardane, DBIA. Hayes–Gill, BR. Loughna, PV. Broughton Pipkin,F.

Paper presented at Fetal and Neonatal Physiological Society, USA

36th Annual Meeting
September 2009

Non-invasive detection of significant uterine activity

2008 - (Uterine Activity)

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 199, Issue 6, Pages S225-S225

J. Miller, K. Ty-Torredes, M. Schindel, C. Harman, A. Baschat

Fetal electrocardiography: feasibility of long-term fetal heart rate recording

2008 - (Long-term fetal heart rate monitoring)

Graatsma E, Jacod B, van Egmond L, Mulder E, Visser G. Fetal electrocardiography: feasibility of long-term fetal heart rate recordings. BJOG 2009;116:334–338.
Department of Perinatology and Gynaecology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands

Obesity in Obstetrics, New Challenges and Solutions Using Abdominal Fetal ECG

2008 - (Obesity)

Karnie Bhogal RM RGN, Clinical Specialist Monica Healthcare, Dr. Indu Asanka Jayawardane, Research Fellow Nottingham City Hospital
Journal of the Royal College of Midwives
Dec 2008/Jan 2009


4th International Symposium on Diabetes and Pregnancy Hilton Istanbul Hotel March 29th – 31st Istanbul Turkey CONTINUOUS SIMULTANEOUS MATERNAL GLUCOSE AND FETAL HEART RATE MONITORING IN DIABETIC PREGN

2008 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

E.M. Graatsma 1, E.J. Mulder 1, H.W. de Valk 2, G.H. Visser 1
1 Department Of Perinatology & Gynaecology; 
2 Department Of Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht The Netherlands;


2008 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

M. Graatsma, E. Mulder, L. van Egmond, G. Visser University Medical Center Utrecht, Perinatology & Gynaecology, Utrecht, Netherlands


2007 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Volume 197, Issue 6, Supplement 1, December 2007, Page S181
University Medical Center, Utrecht, Netherlands

A validation of electrohysterography for uterine activity monitoring during labour

2009 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Benoit C.J, Gtaatsma E.M, Van Hagen E, Visser G.H
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 2009; 00(0): 1-6
Department of Obstetrics, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Extraction and Analysis of Fetal ECG by transabdominal recording using Monica AN24

2009 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Stampalja T, Elevnen A, Fisher A, Dewhurst C, Alfirevic Z.
Hospital and University of Liverpool, UK 
Presented at the 13th Annual BMFMS Conference 2009, Liverpool, UK

Intrapartum repetitive maternal heart rate decelerations simulating non reassuring fetal status

2005 - (Maternal and fetal Heart Rate Confusion)

American Journal of Perinatology. 22(3):165-167. April 2005
Sherer , D. Dalloul, M. Pierre, N. Abulafia, O.

Signal ambiguity resulting in unexpected outcome with external fetal heart rate monitoring

2008 - (Maternal and fetal Heart Rate Confusion)

Neilson, D. Freeman, R. Mangan, S.
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology - June 2008 (Vol. 198, Issue 6, Pages 717-724, DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2008.02.030)

Foetal electrocardiogram (EKG) is an alternative to Doppler ultrasound cardiotocogram (CTG) for antenatal assessment of foetal well-being – preliminary results

2008 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

J.Reinhard, H. Hatzmann, S. Schiermeier
Frauenklinik der Universität Witten/Herdecke, Marien-Hospital, 58452 Witten
Zeitschrift für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie (Z Geburtsh Neonatol) (In Press)

Fetal- Wellbeing; Physiological Basis and Methods of Clinical Assessment

1990 - (Diurnal Variations)

Authors; Miriam Katz, Israel Meizner, Vaclav Insler.
Published 1990
CRC Press
ISBN: 0849360528

Fetal Heart Rate Patterns in Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: Relationship with Early Cerebral Activity and Neurodevelopmental outcome.

2009 - (Fetal Health)

Murray DM, O'Riordan MN, Horgan R, Boylan G, Higgins JR, Ryan CA.
Am J Perinatol. 2009 Sep;26(8):605-12. Epub 2009 Apr 27.

Electrical Activity of the Human Uterus During Pregnancy as Recorded from the Abdominal Surface

1997 - (Uterine Activity)

Buhimschi, C. Boyle, M. Garfield, R.
Obstetric and Gynecology. 1997 Jul;90(1):102-11.

Maternal and fetal heart rate confusion during labour

2010 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Bhogal.K, Reinhard.J 
British Journal of Midwifery. Vol 18, No, 7: 424-428. July 2010

Maternal Body Mass Index Does Not Affect Performance of Fetal Electrocardiography

2010 - (Obesity)

Graatsma EM, Miller J, Mulder EJ, Harman C, Baschat AA, Visser GH.
Am J Perinatol. 2010 Aug;27(7):573-7. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

Probing the fetal cardiac signal for antecedents of brain injury

2009 - (Fetal Health)

Wolfberg AJ, Norwitz ER.
Clin Perinatol. 2009 Sep;36(3):673-84

Continuous Remote Fetal Monitoring With MONICA AN24

2011 - (Home Monitoring)

Rauf. Z, O’ Brien. E, Popescu.F, Stampalija. T, Lavender. T, Alfirevic. Z

Paper presented at the
Meeting of Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) California USA
The 31st Annual Meeting February 2011

Power spectral analysis of trans-abdominal fetal ECG at beginning of labour as a predictor of adverse pregnancy outcome

2011 - (Fetal Health)

Stampalija. T, Eleuteri. A, Signaroldi. M, Mastroianni. C, Fisher. A, Ferrazzi. E, Alfirevic. Z

Paper presented at the
Meeting of Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) California USA
The 31st Annual Meeting February 2011

Fetal and maternal heart rate confusion during intra-partum monitoring: comparison of trans-abdominal fetal ECG and Doppler telemetry

2011 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Stampalija. T, SignaroldI. M, Mastroianni. C, Rosti. E, Loi.G, Ferrazzi. E

Paper presented at the
Meeting of Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) California USA

The 31st Annual Meeting February 2011

Midwives should support women to mobilize during Labour

2010 - (Mobility)

Baker, K
British Journal of Midwifery. August 2010.Vol 18.No 8, p492-497

Signal Quality of Non-Invasive Foetal Electrocardiogram (ECG) During Labour

2009 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

J. Reinhard1, B. R. Hayes-Gill2, Q. Yi3, H. Hatzmann1, S. Schiermeier1

1 Universität Witten/Herdecke, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Frauenheilkunde,
Marien-Hospital Witten
2 School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham,
NG7 2 RD, United Kingdom
3 Monica Healthcare Ltd, Biocity, Pennyfoot Street, Nottingham, NG1 1GF, United Kingdom

Geburtsh Frauenheilk 2009; 69: 1–5

Accuracy of Frequency – Related Parameters of the Electrohysterogram for Predicting Preterm Delivery A Review of the Literature

2009 - (Uterine Activity)

Maartje P.G.C. Vinken, Chiara Rabotti, Massimo Mischi, Guid Oei.
CME Review Article
Obstetric and Gynecological Survey 2009 Volume 64, Number 8

The value of the short-term fetal heart rate variation for timing the delivery of growth-retarded fetuses

2008 - (Beat to Beat HRV)

Serra V,  Moulden M, Bellver J, Redman C, The value of the short-term fetal heart rate variation for timing the delivery of growth-retarded fetuses. BJOG 2008; 115:1101-1107.

Can myometrial electrical activity identify patients in preterm labor?

2008 - (Uterine Activity)

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2008;199:378.e1-378.e6.
Presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Dallas, TX, Jan. 28-Feb. 2, 2008.
Orli Most, MD; Oded Langer, MD, Phd; Ram Kerner, MD; Gal Ben David, PhD; Ilan Calderon, MD From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St Luke’S-Roosevelt Hospital Centre (Drs Langer and Kerner) and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University Medical Centre (Dr Most), New York , NY and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bnai Zion Medical Centre, Haifa, Israel (Drs Ben David and Calderon).

Uterine Activity Monitoring during Labour – A Multi-Centre, Blinded Two-Way Trial of External Tocodynamometry against Electrohysterography

2011 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

J. Reinhard , B. R. Hayes-Gill , S. Schiermeier , H. Löser , L. M. Niedballa , E. Haarmann , A. Sonnwald ,
W. Hatzmann , T. M. Heinrich , F. Louwen

10.1055/s-0031-1291210 Z Geburtsh Neonatol 2011; 215: 199–204

Home Labour Induction with Retrievable Prostaglandin Pessary and Continuous Telemetric Trans-Abdominal Fetal ECG Monitoring

2011 - (Home Monitoring)

Zubair Rauf, Ediri O’Brien, Tamara Stampalija, Florin P. Ilioniu, Tina Lavender, Zarko Alfirevic

PLoS ONE 6(11): e28129. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028129

Intrapartum External Fetal Monitoring in Obese Women

2011 - (Obesity)

Rauf.  Z,  Ommani. S,  Payne. B,  Brown. R,  Hassan. S,  Hayes-Gill. B R,  Cohen. W,  Alfirevic. Z

Paper presented at

The Perinatal Medicine 2011

15-17 June 2011

Harrogate International Centre, UK

Function organization of extracardial effects on the fetus cardiac rhythm and studies of their formation during the antenatal development

2011 - (Fetal Health)

Gudkov.GV, Pustovaya.JN, Turichenko.O,

Kuban state medical university, Krasnodar, Russia




Non-invasive Fetal ECG registration using Monica AN24 fetal monitoring system

2012 - (Fetal Health)

Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center
W.J. Kist, R. Franken,  S.Vink, N.Blom, L. Rozendaal, D.Oepkes
Poster presesentation at the
16th International Conference on Prenatal Diagnosis 
Miami, Florida, USA
3-6 June 2012

Intrapartum signal quality with external fetal heart rate monitoring: a two way trial of external Doppler CTG ultrasound and the abdominal fetal electrocardiogram

2012 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Reinhard.R,  Hayes-Gill. BR,  Schiermeier.S, Hatzmann.W, Herrmann.E, Heinrich.T, Louwen.F
Maternal-Fetal Medicine
Arch Gynecol Obstet
Published online 20.06.2012

Fetal and maternal heart rate confusion during intra-partum monitoring: comparison of trans-abdominal fetal electrocardiogram and Doppler telemetry.

2012 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Stampalija T, Signaroldi M, Mastroianni C, Rosti E, Signorelli V, Casati D, Ferrazzi EM
The Journal of Maternal - Fetal & Neonatal medicine
2012 Aug;25(8):1517-20. Epub 2011 Dec 3.


Prenatal Foetal Non-invasive ECG instead of Doppler CTG – A Better Alternative?

2012 - (FHR Performance)

N. Sänger, B. R. Hayes-Gill, S. Schiermeier,W. Hatzmann, J. Yuan, E. Herrmann, F. Louwen, J. Reinhard

Geburtsh Frauenheilk 2012; 72: 630–633

Accuracy and reliability of fetal heart rate monitoring using maternal abdominal surface electrodes

2012 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Cohen W, Ommani S, Hassan S, Mirza F, Solomon M, Brown R, Schifin B, Himsworth J, Hayes-Gill B
 August 2012
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
2012 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology


Average acceleration and deceleration capacity of the fetal heart rate in normal pregnancy and in pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction

2012 - (Fetal Health)

E. M. Graatsma, E.J.H. Mulder, B. Vasak, S.M. Lobmaier, S. Pildner von Steinburg, K.T.M Schneider, G. Schmidt, G.H.A. Visser
The Journal of Maternal –Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 2012;25(12):2517-2522

Accuracy and Reliability of Uterine Contraction Identification Using Abdominal Surface Electrodes

2012 - (Uterine Activity)

Barrie Hayes-Gill, Sarmina Hassan, Fadi G. Mirza, Sophia Ommani, John Himsworth, Molham Solomon, Raymond Brown, Barry S. Schifrin and Wayne R. Cohen

Clinical Medicine Insights: Women’s Health 2012:5 65–75

Antenatal architecture and activity of the human heart

2013 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Pervolaraki. E,  Anderson. R, Benson. A, Hayes-Gill. B, Holden. A,  Moore. B.J.R,  Paley. M.N,  Zhang. H

Published online February 21, 2013 doi: 10.1098/​rsfs.2012.0065 Interface Focus 6 April 2013 vol. 3 no. 2 20120065

Is the fetal heart rate affected by uterine contractions during pregnancy? A pilot study

2012 - (Uterine Activity)

Sletten. J, Kiserud. T, Kessler. J

Acta Obstet Gyn Scan, 2012. 91(Supplement s159): p. 59-149

Poster presented at the Nordic meeting of Obstetrics and Gynecology in June 2012

Intrapartum Fetal and Maternal Heart Rate Ambiguity- a Comparison of Doppler Ultrasound CTG and the Abdominal Fetal Electrocardiogram with Maternal Electrocardiogram

2013 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Reinhard J, Hayes-Gill BR, Schiermeier S, Hatzmann W, Heinrich TM, Louwen F.
Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
2013; 75: 101-8

Comparison of non-invasive fetal electrocardiogram to Doppler cardiotocogram during the 1st stage of labor

2010 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Reinhard. J,  Hayes-Gill. B, Yi. Q,  Hatzmann. H, Schiermeier. S
J. Perinat. Med. 38 (2010) 179–185

Fetal Electrocardiogram (fECG) Gated MRI

2013 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Paley, M.  Morris, J.  Jarvis, D.  Griffiths, P. 
23 August 2013
Sensors 2013, 13, 11271-11279; doi:10.3390/s130911271 

Fetal heart rate patterns at 20 to 24 weeks gestation as recorded by fetal electrocardiography

2013 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Hofmeyr, F.  Groenewald, CA.  Ne, DG.  Myers, MM.  Fifer, WP.  Signore, C. Hankins, GDV.  Odendaal, HJ.
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
2013 Informa UK Ltd.
doi: 10.3109/14767058.2013.836485

Transabdominal Electrocardiography in Diagnostics of Fetal Critical Conditions in Placental Insufficiency

2014 - (Fetal Health)

G. Gudkov,  J. Pustovaya
Herald of municipal public health
Published 19.02.2014


Intrapartum ST Segment Analyses (STAN) Using Simultaneous Invasive and Non-Invasive Fetal Electrocardiography: A Report of 6 Cases

2014 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Reinhard. J, Hayes-Gill. B, Yuan. J, Schiermeier. S, Louwen. F
Z Geburtsh Neonatol 2014; 218: 1–5

Fetal supraventricular tachycardia: a new approach to surveillance and treatment

2013 - (Fetal Health)

Edwards. L, Cluver . CA,  Fung. A,  Walker. SP,  Wilson. D
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology 2013; 42 (Suppl. 1
113–179.23rd World Congress on Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Influence of maternal body mass index on accuracy and reliability of external fetal monitoring techniques

2014 - (Uterine Activity)

Cohen. WR,  Hayes-Gill. B
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2014 Jun;93(6):590-5.

Signal quality of non-invasive fetal electrocardiogram in vaginal breech delivery: a case–controlled study

2013 - (AN24 Specific Publications)

Sänger.N,  Louwen.F,  Reinhard.J,  Yuan.J,  Hanker. L
Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Arch Gynecol Obstet (2013) 288:1017–1020Published online: 24 April 2013

Uterine electromyography for identification of first-stage labor arrest in term nulliparous women with spontaneous onset of labor

2013 - (Uterine Activity)

Vasak B, Graatsma EM, Hekman-Drost E, Eijkemans MJ, van Leeuwen JH, Visser GH, Jacod BC.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Sep;209(3):232.e1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2013.05.056. Epub 2013 May 30